The New Jersey Primary Care Association has teamed up with the New Jersey Department of Health to get Diabetes information to people who need it; you the patient—this page provides YOU with the toolbox of information and places to contact to keep you well or get you better so that diabetes is NOT a challenge in your life. Who needs more challenges? So, let’s read up on diabetes and prediabetes. Knowledge is power.
The Basic Facts
What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a disease that results in high glucose (sugar) levels in a person’s blood which prevents the body from using insulin properly. Diabetes is an important public health concern in New Jersey, and is the sixth leading cause of death in the state among adults.
Did You Know?
Diabetes affects about 30.3 million Americans or about 9.4 percent of the U.S. population.
Nearly 1 in 4 adults with diabetes, or 7.2 million Americans, are unaware that they have the disease.
Another 84.1 million Americans have prediabetes, a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
Nine out of 10 adults with prediabetes don’t know they have it.
If you have a family history of diabetes, you have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes. You are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are over age 45, are overweight, or are not physically active.
Who can I call? New Jersey Department of Health has teamed up with a great program called NJ 2-1-1. You can call the 211 number and get connected to the most up-to-date information on diabetes prevention and education. We think that’s pretty cool because it is a hotline to information that can help you. When you call, you’ll get a real person who will give you answers and if you want to learn more about something a call specialist will provide you with information about programs in your area that are providing diabetes prevention and education assistance. Mic Drop.
Are There Any Programs for Free That Can Help Me?
There are two programs that are very helpful and are also free that the State of New Jersey recommends very highly.
1.The National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is a year-long program aimed at preventing type 2 diabetes by encouraging people to make real lifestyle changes like eating healthier, including physical activity that you can easily fit into your life, and in general helping you to deal with life and problems better. You will be able to meet with a trained lifestyle coach and a small group of people who are also trying to get healthier. That’s because the group support can help you get healthy and stay healthy. Sessions are once a week for 6 months and then once a month for 6 months.
The DPP program has been proven to delay or prevent the start of type 2 diabetes in people with Impaired Glucose Treatment (IGT). The DDP found that by eating right and exercising regularly, someone with IGT can really lower their chances of developing diabetes. Click here to learn more about the DPP.
2. TheDiabetes Self-Management Education (DMSE)and training teaches you how to be in control of your diabetes and skills to change your actions to successfully manage your diabetes. You will learn how to create healthy habits to live a healthy lifestyle with diabetes. The DMSE training is special because your own needs, goals, and life experiences are put first. When you are living with diabetes, it’s important to make choices that keep you and your loved ones healthy.
I Don’t Have Diabetes, Why Should I Care?
Even if you don’t have diabetes, your doctor may see some signs that show you could develop it, this is prediabetes. The good news is that you can take steps now so that you don’t get diabetes.
What is Prediabetes?
Prediabetes happens when blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. A person with prediabetes is at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes and other serious health problems, including heart disease, and stroke. A person with certain risk factors is more likely to develop prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, which include:
Age, especially after 45 years of age
A family history of diabetes
Having African American, Latino/Hispanic, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander racial or ethnic background
A history of diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes) or having given birth to a baby weighing nine pounds or more
Being physically active less than 3 times a week
If one or more of these risk factors apply to you could have prediabetes. Click on the prediabetes questionnaire offered by the CDC on the right-hand side of this page to find out if you are at risk.
What is a Diabetes Screening and Why Should I get it?
Signs of having diabetes and pre diabetes is not always clear. A diabetes screening is an important tool because it will show if you have diabetes or pre diabetes or should be concerned about prediabetes you should get a diabetes screening because it allows you to have a better chance of not developing diabetes complications and figure out treatment options. You don’t want to have diabetes and not know you have it. Not knowing you have diabetes, not treating it and not living healthy — can cause major health problems. It is very important to know if you have diabetes or not so visit your doctor to get a diabetes screening.
I Want to Do More Reading. Where Can I Get More Information?
You and your doctor are partners in your care. If you don’t understand something when you go to these sites or in the doctor’s office, write the questions down and ask your doctor; they are there to help you and doctors appreciate the fact that you care about your health. Your family can support you too by helping you to eat healthier and exercising with you. Together, your team can help you be well and stay well.
Supported by Funds from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention through the New Jersey Department of Health, Diabetes Prevention and Control Program.